Historique: Ernest de Bavière
Born December 17, 1554, third son of Albert V of Bavaria (family of Wittelsbach) and Anne of Austria, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I of the Holy Roman Empire. He never received the sacred orders, but was bishop of Freisingen in 1565, Hildesheim in 1575, Munster in 1585, archbishop-elector of Cologne in 1583 and prince-abbot of Stavelot in 1581. He was appointed prince-bishop of Liège by Pope Gregory XIII on June 18, 1581. From this episcopate, several foreign princes succeeded each other (for 136 years), and most often abandoned the affairs of Liège. Ernest of Bavaria was to be implacable towards the Protestants, and applied the peace of Augsburg in 1555. He encouraged the progress of industry, developed the coal-mines and the establishments of metallurgical factories. He set up a Mont-de-piété and gave his palace of Outre-Meuse to the company of mercy to make a hospital that bears his name. He fell ill at Arnsberg and died on February 17, 1612. He is buried in the Cathedral of Cologne. From the monetary point of view, he tried to standardize the currencies of Liege and Brabant. A florin of Brabant was worth four Liège florins. He organized a monetary devaluation on June 27, 1588, all copper coins were to devalue by 1/3, and thereafter, on November 17, 1601, it prohibits the circulation of copper coins, with the exception of that in its name. He thus wishes to limit the abundance of small pieces in the principality. During his reign, four workshops of the bishopric struck coins at Bouillon, Hasselt, Liège and Maaseik.
Portrait d'Ernest de Bavière
Demi-ernestus (Dengis 961, de Chestret 533)
Ce demi-ernestus ou demi-bavière est frappé au marteau dans l'atelier monétaire de Liège. Il y a deux millésimes 1584 et 1586. Il vaut 12 aidants liégeois en monnaie de compte, c'est-à-dire 3 patards courants ou 2 vieux patards de Brabant, ce qui correspond à 12 liards. Cette monnaie est conforme au mandement du 13 juillet 1584. Son titre est de 6 deniers 2 grains en argent fin et la taille de 76 pièces au marc de Cologne. Il existe une pièce d'essai en cuivre jaune.
This demi-ernestus or demi-bavière is struck with the hammer in the monetary workshop of Liège. There are two vintages 1584 and 1586. It is worth 12 aidants of Liège in money of account, that is to say 3 common patard or 2 old patard of Brabant, which corresponds to 12 liards. This coin is in conformity with the order of 13 July 1584. Its title is 6 deniers 2 grains in fine silver and the size of 76 coins in the marc of Cologne. There is a coin of yellow copper test.
Avers : Les armoiries ornées et écartelées de Bavière-Palatinat en haut la date.
Revers : Une croix ornée, au centre le double aigle impérial.
Reverse : An ornate cross, in the center the double imperial eagle.
Diamètre : 25,3 à 28,0 mm
Diameter : 25.3 to 28.0 mm
Poids : 2,29 à 2,98 g
Weight : 2.29 to 2.98 g
Axe : Divers
Axis : Miscellaneous
Métal : Argent
Metal : Silver
Degré de rareté : Peu commun (PC)
Degree of rarity : Uncommon (PC)
Monnaies liégeoises Demi-ernestus (Dgs 961) Ernest de Bavière Monnaies de Liège Demi-ernestus (Dgs961) Ernest de Bavière
Monnaie liégeoise Demi-ernestus (Dgs 961) Ernest de Bavière Monnaie de Liège Demi-ernestus (Dgs961) Ernest de Bavière MonnaiesdeLIEGE