Historique: Henri de Gueldre
He was born in 1227 by Gerard III Count of Gelderland and Zutphen, and Margaret of Brabant. He was elected on 26 September 1247 and appointed by Pope Innocent IV, Prince-Bishop of Liège at the age of 20 years. During his reign there were several civil wars. The bourgeoisie revolts against the authority most often for financial reasons. The prince will have to flee Liège more than once. In 1258, the chapter enjoined Henry of Gelder to receive the diaconate at Easter, priest it to the Trinity and the episcopal consecration to the Assumption. Henri de Gueldre is violent and debauched, he is nicknamed the "great ribaud" of the city. He founded a community of Beguine (the house Tire-bourse) which is actually a house of prostitution. He boasts of procreating 14 sons in 22 months. There was also the rape of Berthe Coen which caused scandal. When he kicked the archdeacon Theobald Visconti of Plaisance, he mortgaged his future. In fact, Theobald Visconti de Plaisance became pope under the name of Gregory X on 1 September 1271. In 1274 he organized a general council in Lyons and convoked Henri de Gueldre. The latter is obliged to resign his resignation to the Pope. On April 23, 1285, Henri de Gueldre died at the foot of the castle of Franchimont at the head of a band of plunderers of which he became the leader. He is buried in Roermond.
Sceau d'Henri de Gueldre
Denier (Dengis 493)
Ce denier de la plus haute rareté est frappé au marteau à Maastricht. Il a permis de clore le débat sur l'identité et la localisation de l'atelier de fabrication du denier Dgs 491 d'Henri de Gueldre. Sur son revers l'aigle aux ailes déployées posait questions quand a son origine (Liège ou Maastricht). Le revers du denier Dgs 493 résout l'énigme. Il y a en effet un aigle aux ailes déployées comme au revers du denier Dgs 491, mais en plus une étoile à 6 branches (l'emblème de Maastricht) qui désigne son origine.
This denarius of the highest rarity is struck with the hammer in Maastricht. It closed the debate on the identity and location of the workshop of manufacture of the denarius Dgs 491 of Henri de Gueldre. On his reverse the eagle with its wings spread out questions when its origin (Liège or Maastricht). The reverse of the denarius Dgs 493 solves the riddle. There is indeed an eagle with wings spread like the reverse of the denarius Dgs 491, but in addition a star with 6 branches (the emblem of Maastricht) which indicates its origin.
Avers : Buste de face de l'évêque. Il est mitré et tient une crosse à la main droite et l'évangile à la main gauche.
Obverse : Bust of the bishop. He is mitred and holds a crosier in his right hand and the gospel in his left hand.
Revers : Un aigle avec la tête tournée vers la droite et les ailes déployées. Il a une étoile à six pointes sur la poitrine.
Reverse : An eagle with the head turned to the right and the wings spread out. It has a six-pointed star on the chest.
Diamètre : 12 mm
Diameter : 12 mm
Poids : 0,77 g
Weight : 0.77 g
Axe : Divers
Axis : Miscellaneous
Métal : Argent
Metal : Silver
Degré de rareté : De la plus haute rareté (RRRR)
Degree of rarity : The highest rarity (RRRR)
Le pape Innocent IV
Monnaies liégeoises Denier (Dgs493) Henri de Gueldre Monnaies de Liège Denier (Dgs 493) Henri de Gueldre
Monnaie liégeoise Denier (Dgs493) Henri de Gueldre Monnaie de Liège Denier (Dgs 493) Henri de Gueldre MonnaiesdeLIEGE