Historique: Frédéric de Namur
He was born around 1070 in Namur. He is the son of Count Albert III of Namur and Ide (widow of the Duke of Lower Lotharingie Frederick of Luxembourg). He is archdeacon of Brabant and grand provost of the chapter of Saint-Lambert. When the new prince bishop is elected, there are two candidates. Frederick of Namur supported by Pope Calixtus II and the Archdeacon of Hesbaye Alexander of Juliers who bought to the Emperor Henry V of Franconia the episcopal seat of Liege for the sum of 7,000 Livres. The emperor attributes the bishopric to Alexander of Juliers, but the archbishop of Cologne Frederick I of Schwarzenburg, who supports Frederick of Namur, excommunicates Alexandre de Juliers. The election of the new prince-bishop in the person of Frederick of Namur is done in Cologne on April 23, 1119. Pope Calixte II consecrated it to the Council of Reims, October 26, 1119. A civil war between the two belligerents ravage the lands Liège and Namur. Alexandre de Juliers will lose his support and submit. On May 27, 1121, Frederic de Namur will probably die from the mal des ardents (consumption of ergot of rye). He is buried in the cathedral of Liège. Alexandre de Juliers was again elected, but on September 2, 1121, the archbishop of Cologne forced him to give up the Bishops' seat in Liege (he will nevertheless be prince-bishop of Liege in 1128). The episcopal seat of Liege will remain vacant for two years and will be administered by the chapter.
Denier (Dengis 258)
This denier is probably hammered in Maastricht. The prince-bishop is depicted on the obverse, and Emperor Conrad III of Hohenstaufen on the reverse. The principality of Liege was part of the Lower Lotharingie which was, itself, part of the Holy Roman Empire. There are 22 copies of this denier. It was found in Comblain-au-Pont (16 copies) and Maastricht (4 copies) buried around 1140. Variant 1 has the retrograde legend and is indecipherable (DNVMDNVM).
Avers : Buste de face, tête tonsurée, le tout dans un grènetis.
Obverse : Front bust, tonsured head, all in a beading.
Revers : Buste de face, couronné vêtu d'une robe ornée. Dans la main droite une palme et dans la gauche l'orbe (globe crucifère). Une lettre « D » dans le champ à gauche.
Reverse : Front bust, crowned, wearing an ornate dress. In the right hand a palm leaf and in the left the orbe (cruciferous globe). A letter "D" to the left.
Diamètre : 16,0 à 16,5 mm
Diameter : 16.0 to 16.5 mm
Poids : 0,82 à 1,00 g
Weight : 0.82 to 1.00 g
Axe : Divers
Axis : Miscellaneous
Métal : Argent
Metal : Silver
Degré de rareté : Extrêmement rare (RRR)
Degree of rarity : Extremely rare (RRR)
Le pape Calixte II
Monnaies liégeoises Denier (Dgs 258) Frédéric de Namur Monnaies de Liège Denier (Dgs 258) Frédéric de Namur
Monnaie liégeoise Denier (Dgs 258) Frédéric de Namur Monnaie de Liège Denier (Dgs 258) Frédéric de Namur MonnaiesdeLIEGE