Historique: Ferdinand de Bavière
Born on 7 October 1577 in Munich, fourth son of Guillaume V and Renée de Lorraine. He is the nephew and Coadjutor of Ernest of Bavaria. He was appointed Archbishop of Cologne in 1595, Dean of the Bishopric of Liège in 1601, Bishop of Munster, Hildesheim, Paderborn and the Abbey of Stavelot. He was appointed by Pope Paul V, Prince Bishop of Liège on 16 March 1612. He was never ordained a priest. Since 1633, the Chiroux-Grignoux conflict opposes the Chiroux partisans of the princely power and the Grignoux of the popular party. On 16 April 1637, Bourgmestre Sébastien La Ruelle was assassinated by Spanish soldiers. La Ruelle is Democrat and Grignoux, it is for a secret agreement with France and the United Provinces. He cultivates a hatred towards the Jesuits and the Spaniards since bands (armed by the prince-bishop) ravage and burn 8000 farms of the principality. The communal militias will eliminate these bands and make them a political victory. There will also be the Sainte-Grignoux during the communal elections of 1646 the episcopal palace will be ransacked. In 1649, the emperor Ferdinand III put the principality of Liège to the ban of the Empire. Bavarian general Otto Christoph freiherr von Sparr bombarded Liege on 12 August 1649 and Maximilian-Henri of Bavaria (next prince-bishop) at the head of the Bavarian troops returned to the city 29 August and restored order. The communal militia was dissolved and the Grignoux had to capitulate. Ferdinand of Bavaria, who had settled at Huy during the disturbances, was able to return to Liège on 16 September 1649. It was towards the end of his life that the construction of the citadel was begun on the heights of Sainte-Walburge. On the monetary plane, Ferdinand of Bavaria confirms the rights and privileges of the coiners on condition that they swear to live in the Catholic religion. Ferdinand of Bavaria died on 13 September 1650 in Arnsberg in Westphalia. He is buried in the cathedral of Cologne.
Portrait de Ferdinand de Bavière
Ce liard est frappé au marteau à Liège en plusieurs types et variantes. Les pièces ci-dessus sont de type A. La légende d'avers du type A est FERDINANDVS. D. G. EPISCO. LEOD, ce qui veut dire, Ferdinand par la grâce de Dieu, évêque de Liège. La légende de revers est DVX. BVILLONIENSIS, ce qui veut dire, duc de Bouillon. La légende d'avers du type B est FERDINANDVS. D. G. ARC. COL. PR. ELEC. Ce qui veut dire, Ferdinand par la grâce de Dieu, archevêque de Cologne, prince électeur. La légende de revers est la même que le type A.
This liard is struck with a hammer in Liège in several types and variants. The above parts are of type A. The obverse legend of type A is FERDINANDVS. D. G. EPISCO. LEOD, which means Ferdinand by the grace of God, bishop of Liège. The reverse legend is DVX. BVILLONIENSIS, which means, Duc de Bouillon. The obverse legend of type B is FERDINANDVS. D. G. ARC. COLLAR. PR. ELEC This means, Ferdinand by the grace of God, archbishop of Cologne, prince elector. The lapel legend is the same as type A.
Avers : Buste du prince à gauche, tête nue et vêtu d'un manteau d'hermine.
Obverse : Bust of prince on left, bare head and clothed in ermine mantle.
Revers : Les armoiries de Bavière-Palatinat sommé d'un bonnet ducal et au centre l'écusson du duché de Bouillon.
Reverse : The coat of arms of Bavaria-Palatinate with a ducal Bonnet and in the center the escutcheon of the Duchy of Bouillon.
Diamètre : 24,5 à 27,3 mm
Diameter : 24.5 à 27.3 mm
Poids : 2,73 à 5,24 g
Weight : 2.73 à 5.24 g
Axe : Divers
Axis : Miscellaneous
Métal : Cuivre
Métal : Copper
Degré de rareté : Commun (C)
Degree of rarity : Common (C)
Guillaume V de Bavière
Monnaies liégeoises Liard (Dgs 1073) Ferdinand de Bavière Monnaies de Liège (Dgs1073) Ferdinand de Bavière
Monnaie liégeoise Liard (Dgs 1073) Ferdinand de Bavière Monnaie de Liège (Dgs1073) Ferdinand de Bavière MonnaiesdeLIEGE