Historique: Henri III de Gueldre
He was born in 1227 by Gerard III Count of Gelderland and Zutphen, and Margaret of Brabant. He was elected on 26 September 1247 and appointed by Pope Innocent IV, Prince-Bishop of Liège at the age of 20 years. During his reign there were several civil wars. The bourgeoisie revolts against the authority most often for financial reasons. The prince will have to flee Liège more than once. In 1258, the chapter enjoined Henry of Gelder to receive the diaconate at Easter, priest it to the Trinity and the episcopal consecration to the Assumption. Henri de Gueldre is violent and debauched, he is nicknamed the "great ribaud" of the city. He founded a community of Beguine (the house Tire-bourse) which is actually a house of prostitution. He boasts of procreating 14 sons in 22 months. There was also the rape of Berthe Coen which caused scandal. When he kicked the archdeacon Theobald Visconti of Plaisance, he mortgaged his future. In fact, Theobald Visconti de Plaisance became pope under the name of Gregory X on 1 September 1271. In 1274 he organized a general council in Lyons and convoked Henri de Gueldre. The latter is obliged to resign his resignation to the Pope. On April 23, 1285, Henri de Gueldre died at the foot of the castle of Franchimont at the head of a band of plunderers of which he became the leader. He is buried in Roermond.
Denier (Dengis 491, de Chestret 179)
This denier was difficult to identify and its author and its provenance. Baron J. de Chestret de Haneffe attributes it to Hugues de Pierrepont. Later, Christian Meert returned this denier to Henri de Gueldre and its manufacture is located in Liège. Indeed, an eagle is represented on the back of this denier. It is the stamp of the monetary production of Liège. Afterwards Hubert Frère points out that the eagle representing the Liège workshops is a passing eagle (see the coins Dgs 485, 486, 487 of Henri de Gueldre) and in our case it is an eagle with outstretched wings. He finds another very rare denier of Henri de Gueldre (Dgs 493), which has an eagle with wings spread on its reverse and which has in its middle a six-pointed star characteristic of the workshop of Maastricht. The proof is thus made that our denier is indeed a coin of Henri de Gueldre and manufactured in Maastricht.
Obverse : Front bust of the Prince-Bishop holding a crosier with the right hand and the Gospel with the other hand.
Revers : Un aigle aux ailes déployées et une croix en globule sur la poitrine.
Reverse : An eagle with outstretched wings and a globule cross on the chest.
Diamètre : 11,2 à 13,2 mm
Diameter : 11.2 to 13.2 mm
Poids : 0,65 à 0,97 g
Weight : 0.65 to 0.97 g
Axe : Divers
Axis : Miscellaneous
Métal : Argent
Metal : Silver
Degré de rareté : Peu commun (PC)
Degree of rarity : Uncommon (PC)
La ville de Ruremonde en bordure de Meuse
Monnaies liégeoises Denier (Dgs 491) Henri de Gueldre Monnaies de Liège Denier (Dgs491) Henri de Gueldre
Monnaie liégeoise Denier (Dgs491) Henri de Gueldre Monnaie de Liège Denier (Dgs491) Henri de Gueldre MonnaiesdeLIEGE