Historique: Jean de Bavière
Born in 1373, he was the younger son of the Count of Hainaut of Holland and Zeeland, Albert I of Bavaria and Margaret of Liegnitz. He is the grandson of the Emperor Louis V of Bavaria and the brother-in-law of Jean sans Peur Duke of Burgundy. Pope Boniface IX appointed him prince-bishop of Liège on 10 July 1390. On 17 December 1390 he received the sub-diaconate but was never raised to the rank of bishop. John of Bavaria had a fiery and haughty disposition. A revolt breaks out for a futile cause. Seraing residents cut wood in a forest belonging to the prince. The culprits are condemned. The burgomasters have the judges banned, and the bishop retaliates against the burgomasters. The whole city revolts and the prince-bishop has to flee to Maastricht. The nobles and ecclesiastics hold the party of John of Bavaria. His brother William IV Count of Hainault, his cousin Wilhelm II Count of Namur and Jean Sans-Peur came to his rescue. The battle began in the plains of Othée on September 23, 1408. The prince decides to save no one and deserve his nickname of Jean Sans-Pitié. The Liège rebels lose the battle, and all the charters and liberties granted to the city. At the death of Albert of Bavaria (his father), the county of Hainaut passed into the hands of William IV (his brother), who also died in 1417 without male heir. John of Bavaria took possession of the inheritance and abdicated from the bishopric of Liège in 1418. He succeeded in being recognized as Count of Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland by the Emperor Sigismond by marrying his niece Elizabeth of Görlitz. He died six years later in Delft in January 1424.
Brûlé (Dengis 618, de Chestret 296)
This brûlé is an imitation of the mites at the shield of Philippe le Hardi for Flanders. It was forged by a hammer in Liège around 1389. It is made of black billon. The black billon is an alloy of silver (25%) of copper and lead (5%). This alloy serves to strike devalued currencies having the same price as real silver coins. The value of the coin no longer corresponds to the value it represents (such as banknotes). There is also the white billon that has a 50% silver percentage and looks more like a real piece of silver when it is new.
Revers : Une croix pattée traversant la légende et ayant dans deux coins, un lion.
Reverse : A cross crossing the legend and having in two corners, a lion.
Diamètre : 19,4 à 21,0 mm
Diameter : 19.4 to 21.0 mm
Poids : 0,71 à 1,71 g
Weight : 0.71 to 1.71 g
Axe : Divers
Axis : Miscellaneous
Métal : Billon noir
Metal : Black billon
Degré de rareté : Commun (C)
Degree of rarity : Common (C)
Stèle commémorative de la bataille d'Othée (Commune d'Awans)
Monnaies liégeoises Brûlé (Dgs 618) Jean de Bavière Monnaies de Liège Brûlé (Dgs618) Jean de Bavière
Monnaie liégeoise Brûlé (Dgs 618) Jean de Bavière Monnaie de Liège Brûlé (Dgs618) Jean de Bavière MonnaiesdeLIEGE